пятница, 9 марта 2012 г.

Фразовые глаголы (В)

back down
Translate: (no object): not follow a threat

Перевод: отступать, уступать (в споре)
Tom was going to call the police when I told him I'd wrecked his car, but he backed down when I said I'd pay for the damages.


back off 
Translate: (no object): not follow a threat

Перевод: отступать, уступать (в споре)
Tom was ready to call the police when I told him I'd wrecked his car, but he backed off when I said I'd pay for the damages.




back up
Translate: (no object): move backward; move in reverse

Перевод: двигаться назад; возвращатьсяYou missed the lines in the parking space.                                           You'll have to back up and try again.


Translate: (separable): drive a vehicle backwards (in reverse)
Перевод: ехать назад; возвращаться
You're too close! Back your car up so I can open the garage door.
Translate: (separable): confirm a story, facts, or information
Перевод: подтверждать
If you don't believe me, talk to Dave. He'll back me up.
Translate: (separable): make a "protection" copy to use if there are problems with the original
Перевод: создавать резервную копию
When my computer crashed, I lost many of my files. It's a good thing I backed them up.

beg off
Translate: (no object): decline an invitation; ask to be excused from doing something
Перевод: отказываться
At first Lily said she would be at the party. Later she begged off.





blow up
Translate: (separable): inflate
Перевод: раздувать, надувать
We needs lots of balloons for the party. Will you blow them up?
Translate: (separable): explode; destroy by exploding
Перевод: разносить; разрушать взрывом
A: That old building really came down quickly!
B: That's because the construction company used dynamite to
blow it up.
Translate: (no object): suddenly become very angry

Перевод: взорваться; прийти в бешенство
When I told Jerry that I'd had an accident with his car, he blew up.



bone up on
Translate: (inseparable): review / study thoroughly for a short time
Перевод: зубрить
If you're going to travel to Peru, you'd better bone up on your Spanish.

break down
Translate: (separable): separate something into component parts
Перевод: сломить, разбить
We spent a lot of money at the supermarket. When we broke the total cost down, we spent more on cleaning supplies than food.
Translate: (no object): stop working / functioning
Перевод: нарушаться (о функции), сдавать (о здоровье)
Sharon will be late for work today. Her car broke down on the freeway.
break in 
Translate: (often no object; with an object, break into [inseparable]): enter by using force (and breaking a lock, window, etc.)
Перевод: вламываться, врываться
Jane's apartment was burglarized last night. Someone broke in while Jane was at the movies.
Translate: (separable): wear something new until it's / they're comfortable
Перевод: разнашивать (одежду, обувь)
These are nice shoes, but they're too stiff. I hope it doesn't take too long to break them in.
Translate: (separable): train; get someone / something accustomed to a new routine
Перевод: тренировать; вводить в курс дела
I hope I can learn my new job quickly. The manager hasn't scheduled much time for breaking me in.

break up
Translate: (no object): disperse; scatter
Перевод: прекращать, заканчивать
What time did the party break up last night?
Translate: (usually no object; with an object, break up with [inseparable]): end a personal relationship
Перевод: расходиться, распадаться (о группе, компании, семье)
Have you heard the news? Julie broke up with Tim!
bring back
Translate: (separable): return something
Перевод: воскрешать в памяти, напоминать
Yes, you can borrow my pen, don't forget to bring it back to me when you're finished.

bring off
Translate: (separable): accomplish something difficult; accomplish something people had considered impossible or unlikely
Перевод: успешно завершать
No one thought Chuck could get an A in that course, but he brought it off.
bring up
Translate: (separable): mention (as a topic of discussion)
Перевод: поднимать (вопрос); заводить (разговор)
We planned to discuss overtime pay in the meeting. Why didn't someone bring that topic up?
Translate: (separable): raise; rear
Перевод: выращивать, воспитывать
Lucy's parents died when she was a baby. Her grandparents brought her up.
brush up on
Translate: (inseparable): review / study thoroughly for a short time
Перевод: освежать (знания); совершенствовать
If you're going to travel to Peru, you'd better brush up on your Spanish.

burn down
Translate: (no object): become destroyed / consumed by fire (For upright things--trees, buildings, etc.--only.)
Перевод: спалить дотла
Lightning struck Mr. Kennedy's barn last night. It burned down before the fire fighters arrived.
burn up 
Translate: (no object): become destroyed / consumed by fire (For people and non-upright things only.)
Перевод: вспыхивать снова
All of Mr. Kennedy's hay burned up when his barn burned down.
Translate: (separable): cause someone to become very angry
Перевод: кипеть от негодования
Did you hear how rudely Fred talked to me? That really burned me up!
butt in 
Translate: (no object): impolitely interrupt (a conversation, an action)
Перевод: встревать (в разговор)
Hey, you! Don't butt in! Wait for your turn!

butter up
Translate: (separable): praise someone excessively with the hope of getting some benefit
Перевод: грубо льстить
I guess Marty reall wants to be promoted. He's been buttering his boss up all week.

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